For that very reason, the first question is not whether a particular thing is classified sin or not, but rather, what is meant by sin at all. In order find our way in particular things, the concept of sin has to be defined first. There would be no point in telling someone that, for example, homosexuality is sin, if it's not classified as sin according to his understanding of sin. Therefore it's crucial to get behind concrete sinful acts and understand the essence, origin and effect of sin. Out of this understanding can spring out the right understanding of salvation and other important teachings of the Bible, and last, but not least repentance of one's own sinful deeds.
God considered this question so important that He hid the teaching on sin during the different periods of salvation history, moreover He, in fact, based the restoration of the whole universe on this teaching. Therefore, the primary aim of this article is not to discuss particular sinful acts one by one, as listed in the Bible, but to come to an understanding of the teaching on sin as revealed in different ages.
Before approaching this issue from the Bible's point of view, we have to examine what people think of sin today. The humanist (taking the word in the wrong sense) and morally liberal ideology of our age does not define sin as an independent, objective, metaphysical and spiritual reality, but as something produced by the law. In other words, according to this approach, sin does not exist in itself as a reality independent of any law, but it comes into being in the very moment when the law declares it to be sin.
This suggestion is based on a view according to which, there is no outside and eternal measure, which exists independently of us, on basis of which it could be determined what is sin and what is not. Because of the lack of this standard, man became the measuring point compared to which it is decided whether a thing is a sin or not. The solution seems to be simple: something that causes damage to people is sin and that which does not do any harm is not.
Without entering into abstract discussions, it's worth mentioning that this approach was first developed in the time of the Greek Sophists, who turned their attention from the secrets of the universe to human things. By now, Prothagoras's saying has become common: "Man is the measure of everything." But the concept of man-centeredness in Greek humanism counted as a positive view in its own time, because it povided an opportunity to break out of the terrible world of gods of Greek Mythology, and questioned the immoral gods' right of authority over people. So it was definitely a brave action in those times that some thinkers were even ready to die so that people would be set free from the practice of traditional worship of demons (daimons).
It's another matter that this mentality of placing man in the center was built into European culture and it was discovered again particularly during the Renaissance, so that it would not be forgotten ever more. By now, little has been left of the values of the Renaissance humanism, but the moral relativism, which compares the concept of sin to man, still remained. However it does not express rebellion against the Greek gods any more, but against the only, true and living God. And it's not the same at all.
One of the radical versions of the ideology in our age was represented by Friedrich Nietzsche, a German philosopher whose explanation of sin has strongly left its mark on European mentality to this day. Essentially Nietzsche declared that the religion of the Jews and later the religion of the Christians artificially created the biblical concept of sin, which was unknown to heathen peoples before, and through that, it built up a false, guilty conscience and tormenting remorse in people. He thought that sin was not an objective spiritual reality, but in fact, was called to life by the Judeo-Christian moral law.
He thought that mankind had originally been good but it could not remain in this originally good, ancient and heathen state because it was distorted by the Judeo-Christian moral law, which has kept people in continuous slavery ever since. In Nietzsche's opinion, this state of being burdened with fear, a guilty conscience and remorse will only cease if there are people, who are brave enough to destroy and consciously step over the Judeo-Christian moral law.
However astonishing this conclusion Nietzsche reached may be, it's undeniable that there is reality in his basic idea and his declaration is somewhat similar to that of the Apostle Paul Paul says in Romans that „through the law we become conscious of sin" (Romans 3:20), and a bit later he says that „ I would not have known what sin was except through the law. For I would not have known what coveting really was if the law had not said, "Do not covet." But sin, seizing the opportunity afforded by the commandment, produced in me every kind of covetous desire. For apart from law, sin is dead. Once I was alive apart from law; but when the commandment came, sin sprang to life and I died. I found that the very commandment that was intended to bring life, actually brought death. For sin, seizing the opportunity afforded by the commandment, deceived me and through the commandment put me to death." (Romans 7:7–10)
Paul adds that the law does not only bring sin to light, but also strengthens and breeds it: "The law was added so that the trespass might increase." (Romans 5:20) So it's quite true that if people want to live up to the moral law without the leading and the rule of the Holy Spirit, they will be distorted by the law. Let's face up to reality and be sincere: among the non-religious people and „sinners" you cannot really find as wicked people as religious people can be. This is one of the basic messages of Christianity (see Pharisees).
But the similarity between Nietzsche, the offspring of the German Lutheran clerical family and Paul ends at this point. Since Paul draws the conclusion as follows: "What shall we say, then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! ...Therefore the law is holy and the commandment is holy, righteous and good. Did that which is good, then, become death to me? By no means! But in order that sin might be recognized as sin, it produced death in me through what was good, so that through the commandment sin might become utterly sinful. We know that the law is spiritual, but I am unspiritual, sold as a slave to sin." (Romans 7:7–14)
As opposed to this, Nietzsche saw the Judeo-Christian moral law as the greatest enemy and deformer of humanity. What is the crucial difference between their mentalities? The difference is that, in Nietzsche's opinion, sin would not exist, if the law had not created it. But Paul says that it existed even in the age prior to the law and without the law, but it did not become recognizable. If it is so, sin is an objective, spiritual reality and it is „independent of our consciousness".
What did Paul think about sin? What did he understand in connection with sin that remained in obscurity for Nietzsche? You find the answer in Paul's message in connection with the age of conscience.
According to the Scriptures, world history is progressing toward its goal, destined by God, in line with a definite schedule: this is salvation history. In this schedule different periods follow each other, their purpose and duration is also defined by God. In the beginning of human history, God started the restoration of the universe with an age when no law was given to fallen mankind.
In his epistle to the Romans, Paul is trying to give an answer for what God's purpose was in doing so: "Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man and death through sin and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned - for before the law was given, sin was in the world. But sin is not taken into account when there is no law. Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a commandment, as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come." (Romans 5:12–14)
Paul speaks here about the time before the law, which Bible scholars usually call the "age of conscience." During this time, which lasted from Adam to Noah, God did not give laws to the people at all. Due to the lack of law, people were ignorant for 1,656 years concerning what sin was, therefore, they lived according to their own desires and conscience. They did whatever they thought was right and they thought right whatever they wanted. They were not punished in their personal lives, as "sin is not taken into account when there is no law". God let neither Cain nor Lamech later on, be punished for murder: only the one who would punish them could have expected punishment. It was a real "ultra-liberal" age, Nietzsche's dream: God forbade man to do justice - and His ethical law was not revealed either. Nobody knew that idolatry, adultery, theft, murder, etc., were sins; mankind was allowed to rely on its own conscience.
What was God's purpose with this? The answer is found at the end of Paul's sentence: "Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a commandment, as did Adam". From the fact that it was not only Adam, who had violated the law, that died, but even his descendants died as a consequence of sin, Paul concluded that "before the law was given, sin was in the world".
There is only one genealogy in the Bible that holds it important to indicate the fact "and then he died", apart from the personal data of names and ages. This is the one that covers the period from Adam to Noah. Why was it so important to give this detail in connection with each person? Because what is usual for us today, that is, that everybody dies at some point, was a new and shocking experience for mankind at that time. People might have expected for a long time, that the next person would not die - yet he did.
This can be truly understood if we remember how the Bible defines death. According to the epistle to the Romans, death „is the wage of sin", it is the consequence of sin in other words. Thus, according to the Bible, death is not a biological necessity as viewed by the man of today's modern, materialistic and scientific civilization. For this reason, Paul concludes that because of the death of Adam's descendants sin had to exist even in the age of conscience, although no law was given to prove its existence or to judge it.
We need to understand what Paul says: „sin is not taken into account when there is no law". It means that until the Flood, God did not take into account the sins of individuals who lived in an age without law. Death was not the judgment of God in their lives; it derived from the very presence of sin and it was the hidden, unrevealed, transcendent reality of sin that killed them. Consequently, Paul concludes that the main message of the age of conscience is, that sin is an objective, spiritual (metaphysical) reality that exists even when there is no law that could reveal its presence.
Paul claims that those who committed sins during the age of conscience "did not sin by breaking a commandment, as did Adam", but they sinned in a different way. That is, it's not a question whether the direct descendants of Adam sinned or not in the age of conscience. The only question here is how they committed what they committed? In connection with the sin of Adam, Paul uses the word violation (parabasis) in the original text, referring to the fact that Adam did have a law. „You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die" (Genesis 2:16–17). Consequently, when Adam sinned, he consciously broke a commandment, therefore, he deserved judgment; his sin was taken into account. But as of the people who lived in the age of conscience Paul says, that they sinned in a different way, as they did not have a law, but they sinned without the law, therefore their sins were not taken into account - yet they died. Why? Because sin was already present in the world and it killed them.
Idolatry, homosexuality, or sorcery became sins not because the Law of Moses declared so, but that these had already been sins when the law had not yet revealed them as such. Paul says that at the giving of the law, sin - that had already existed, just "seized the opportunity" to become visible, to get strengthened and to spread. It's like in chemistry class when we tried to show the invisible elements by putting litmus paper into transparent liquid. Obviously the different chemical elements did not get into the transparent liquid when the litmus paper was placed into it, they only became visible.
Similarly, sin does exist as a spiritual, metaphysical reality even when no moral law happens to prove it. It's a refutation of Nietzsche given by Paul well ahead of his time. It points out that even if humanity manages to get rid of the Judeo-Christian moral revelations in the future (which it is striving to achieve at the moment), this will not bring about the happy golden age (New Age followers think like Nietzsche did), but will turn the earth into hell and will provoke God's new, global judgment.
According to what we have said so far, the age of conscience can be simply considered as the type of today's humanist ideology, taken in its negative sense. In the present time, people indulge in their lascivious lusts unrestrictedly, and the biblical concept of sin has become quite obscure for them. They call the very things the Bible simply defines sin "problems", genetic determination or alternative life style.
But the tragedy is, that the Bible does not report on the glory of the age of conscience at all, but on the contrary, it informs us that the fiasco of the humanistic (in the negative connotation) or morally liberal ideology was proved long ago and Nietzsche's moral concept has failed. Five thousand years ago in the age of conscience, it was proved that man is not able to become good by himself. Mankind had committed more and more sins, it had become totally demonized, and finally the flood came.
The teaching about sin, which God has concealed in the timetable of different periods, just started with the age of conscience. Although primarily we are interested in this age because of the topic we are discussing, it is worth to sum up the basic elements of this almost six thousand-year-long teaching developing on the stages of history. By the age of conscience God revealed and demonstrated that sin – being independent of the law - is an objective spiritual, i.e. metaphysical truth existing and acting destructively. The next big period of world history was the time of The Law of Moses, which had to make the formerly invisible, spiritual reality of sin obvious for the Jewish people; at the same time, it had to demonstrate that it is impossible to break free of it by a self-effort. Thanks to God, the story did not come to an end here because God created the age of grace, which is meant to teach us that everybody can be set free from sin through God's grace.
Now let us illustrate with an example, what the practical consequences are when people deny the objectivity of sin. Presently, divorce is only considered to be a sin or somewhat harmful, if there are children involved, whose personalities could be severely damaged; or if the divorcing parties would face unresolvable financial difficulties, etc.
But supposing, there are no children and even separately both parties have good financial backgrounds; moreover, let's say they don't love each other at all and got married by mistake. Let us suppose, that they could get a peaceful divorce, wish happiness to each other on the side of the right one. In this case, the "golden rule" is not injured either, because they do to each other what they wish for themselves: to get divorced.
According to the Word of God, can they divorce under such circumstances without committing a sin? Based on the words of Jesus, they absolutely cannot. Thus, it becomes evident, that sin is not only what people themselves think it is, i.e. harm caused to one another; sin is much more than that and something else as well. In the same way as marriage is not only the business of the two people involved, but of God's, too.
Someone could ask: 'what does it mean that sin is an objective spiritual reality?' It means, that sin is a reality originating in the supernatural. Therefore, God alone knows correctly, what sin is and what it's not. This is the reason why sin is not subject to the changing scales of moral values of different ages and cultures.
In order to understand its genesis, we have to go back to the creation of spiritual beings. According to apostle John, God Himself is love, who wanted to share His love with other beings as well, therefore He created spiritual beings first. As a love-based relationship is only possible between persons having free will, God did not create "machines", but free and independent individuals, to whom He also offered domains of power. Freedom, however, includes the possibility of independence. When God gave freedom to His creatures He already knew that they would revolt, and He made sure that there would be a solution for this problem.
Lucifer's sin was that he thought that he could reign over his own domain independently of God. Lucifer was not a stupid being, since the Bible says he was full of wisdom (Ezekiel 28: 12). God did not withdraw this attribute of his even after his fall, but it became corrupt, thus he started to use it for wicked purposes. The fact that this very wise being still dared to think that his revolt could succeed, verifies the conclusion that God was very generous in sharing His power and transfering the management of a great part of the Universe to His creatures.
According to the prophet Ezekiel, Lucifer himself received very great power, as God entrusted him with authority over a huge part of the Universe. That's why he believed that in his rebellion would succeed. The only thing he probably didn't know was the secret of Christ (1Cor 2:8). His attempt to become independent, however, was judged by God, it was considered a sin because it disrupted the divine order. We can understand this better, if we suppose – in an absurd way - that even if Lucifer had planned to establish a world of peace and wealth inside his illegally gained kingdom, harming nobody, he would still have committed a sin. This is because the essence of sin is separation from God (which, of course, will never lead to peace or anything good).
Thus, the essence of sin is denying God's order and becoming independent of Him; this is the spiritual, metaphysical background and basis of all human sins. Those committing a concrete act of prostitution, theft, envy, adultery or cursing, actually deny the respective order of God and deny those eternal divine laws which maintain the everlasting order of the Universe.This is exactly what God was referring to when He asked Job:„Who is this that darkens my counsel with words without knowledge?" (Job 38:2)
In the chapter of the epistle to the Romans, from which we have already quoted, the Apostle Paul describes the event in which sin crossed over into the visible world from eternity: „Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin and in this way, death came to all men, because all sinned." Paul actually speaks about two kinds of sin in this verse.
The first one is original sin, which people inherit from Adam. This kind of sin influences every person "in neutral gear", that is, without doing anything bad or evil. Actually, man is originally sinful from the moment he was conceived. „Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me." (Psalms, 51:7) The other one is actual sin, which is actually committed by a person. Concerning how these two are related, the Apostle Paul emphasises that original sin comes first, and people commit actual sins because they originally have a sinful and corrupt nature.
However, people often don't understand the essence of original sin, therefore, they frequently ask, "Why on earth am I responsible for the sin of Adam?" or, "Is what Adam did really my fault?" etc. Because of this, in the following section we try to shed light on the essence of original sin, just briefly. Let's select from those questions cited, and those often asked by people in real life. The Apostle Paul often refers to these questions by saying "now I'm speaking like people do".
With this _expression Paul wants to refer to the fact that from the perspective of eternity, God - knowing both the past, present and future - views things from a different point of view than people do. However, Paul doesn't refuse to answer this question, moreover, he raises a most astonishing and pointed question when he asks in his Epistle to the Romans, 'is Pharaoh, who tormented Israel, responsible for his deeds if God ordered him to do them?' The answer is yes; he is responsible for them indeed.
But then how can God be just? What will He say to Pharaoh at the final judgement when he will plead that the judgement is not just as he did only what he had been ordered to do by God, and could not do anything else? Then how can God call him to account?
Before answering these questions, let's take another example, which is not there in the Bible, but people frequently ask it. According to the final judgement, what will be the eternal fate of an oceanic aborigine, who lived in the Middle Ages and - in his own way - wanted to be a good man and worked hard to meet all the requirements and conventions of his tribe all his life? No missionary had visited his place, therefore, it was not his fault that he died without hearing about the Bible, Jesus Christ and of course he could not repent, either. How can God be just if He condemns man like that? How will God answer this man if he tells Him at the final judgement, that he's not responsible for not being able to repent and therefore, considers the condemnation unjust?
As a general principle, the Bible declares that a man will receive condemning judgement even in such a case, since from the created world and from his own conscience, every man should have recognized the existence, the nature and the laws of God. The reason that no one has done this, is because of original sin, and this is our own responsibility (Romans, 1:18-25). Because of Adam's sin, the damnation of the whole of mankind would be just in the eyes of God.
So the answers to these questions can be found in original sin. Original sin can be interpreted as the breaking of a covenant: „Like Adam, they have broken the covenant." (Hosea, 6:7) God made a covenant with the whole of mankind in Adam in Eden, just as a president represents a whole nation at the signing of a treaty. The spiritual law that the eternal God, who is above time, sees the descendants of the person making the covenant, can be seen in Hebrews 7:9-10 concerning Abraham and Levi: „One might even say that Levi, who collects the tenth, paid the tenth through Abraham, because when Melchizedek met Abraham, Levi was still in the body of his ancestor."
According to this, when Abraham paid the tenth to Melchizedek, then Levi, the great-grandson of Abraham who had not yet been born, paid the tenth to Melchizedek also. So God saw Levi from the perspective of eternity as he was inside the loins of Abraham at the meeting with Melchizedek. In the same way, God saw all the descendants, that is, the whole of mankind in Adam when cutting the covenant with him – it is like diplomacy, where an international treaty signed by a president is obligatory for the whole nation and for the following presidents as well. When Adam sinned, in God's eyes we all sinned together with him.
It is important to mention that the covenant was not broken by God, but by mankind, which was in the loins of Adam when he committed the original sin. Therefore, mankind committed a breach of contract. After having unilaterally terminated the contract, no one has the legal right to call God to account for the things He guaranteed only inside the contract. However, God will righteously call the whole of mankind (among others, Pharaoh) to account because of the breaching of the contract.
You have to understand that from the moment of the breaching of the contract, nothing compels God to have mercy on mankind. Moreover, God would have been just and righteous if he had not given grace for salvation to anyone since Adam. However, if God's goodness exceeds His righteousness and justice when He calls somebody, the others justly damned cannot say that God is unjust concerning them just because he has had mercy on some. God does not owe mercy to anybody - since it would not be mercy than but rightful wage. The essence of mercy would disappear if we thought that God was obliged to give it to man. If he gives it - glory to Him!
Jesus referred to this legal situation, too, in the parable of the workers in the vineyard. It is about a landowner who hired workers early in the morning, at nine o'clock, at noon, at 3 p.m. and finally at 5 p.m. He agreed with the workers working from the morning to give them a "denarius". However, at payment time in the evening, the workers who had joined the others later got a denarius, too. Then the workers working from the morning - who had gotten their promised money - started to complain and accused the landowner of injustice. His answer was this: „Don't I have the right to do what I want with my own money?" (Matthew, 20:15)
The Apostle Paul proves in the Epistle to the Romans that original sin is universal. The only way to break away from it is by rebirth. So there is no biblical basis for that wide-spread view that only sentenced criminals will be condemned, or even they might escape condemnation, but if someone was, in general, a good man, then he will automatically be saved.
In the Bible there are very sharp criteria to gain eternal life: a man has to be reborn to be free of original sin and of the damnation necessarily following it. However, these facts were dimmed recently by a humanist view which, contrarily to these statements, refers to the Epistle to the Romans. „Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law, since they show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now even defending them. This will take place on the day, when God will judge men's secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares." (Romans, 2:14–16)
According to the humanist interpretation of the Bible, this text proves well, that there were pagans in history who were able to do good all the time following their conscience and thus managed to please God, and were saved in the end. However, there is only one problem with this theory: such people whose consciences did not become warped, who were able to fulfil God's law entirely, had not lived on earth from Adam to the resurrection of Jesus Christ - because original sin was universal.
Therefore, this part of the epistle could only refer to those people who had been born originally in the nations, but later were reborn and after this, the effacement of original sin and its consequences had started in their lives, so that they became more and more able to fulfil the will of God. This _expression: „the requirements of the law are written on their hearts," refers to this fact. So, in this chapter, Apostle Paul speaks about Christians having a new heart and a living spirit.
He presents them as examples to those Christians with Jewish origin who boast with the Law and think they're more righteous than others because of the Law. Paul says that they will be shamed by the believers from the nations because the Law is not able to diminish original sin in one's life, it is not able to create a new heart in him, as this can only be accomplished by rebirth, coming from faith in Jesus Christ.
The Apostle Paul, even when facing a series of attacks and persecution, came to the conclusion that „neither death nor life, neither angels nor rulers, neither the present nor the future, nor any power, neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus, our Lord" (Romans, 8:38–39)
It is undeniable that these forces can cause much suffering and pain for the children of God, however, they cannot do one thing, that is to separate them from God. There is only one reality in the Universe which can separate man from God, and that is sin. If we want to define the concept of sin from a different angle than before, we can do it this way: sin is the spiritual reality, which separates man from God. This definition also embodies the essence of sin.
The Prophet Ezekiel showed this truth to the Jewish people in a picture. God commanded him to build a simplified model of Jerusalem from a clay tablet, then to take an iron pan and keep it between the model city and his face while he was looking at it with an angry face. „Now, son of man, take a clay tablet, put it in front of you and draw the city of Jerusalem on it. Then lay siege to it: Erect siege works against it, build a ramp up to it, set up camps against it and put battering rams around it. Then take an iron pan, place it as an iron wall between you and the city and turn your face toward it. It will be under siege and you shall besiege it. This will be a sign to the house of Israel." (Ezekiel, 4:1–3)
Iron is the symbol of sin in the Holy Scriptures. In this prophecy, the iron pan also symbolizes and expresses the fact that sin separates the city from God. The Prophet Isaiah also defines the essence and effect of sin in this: „Surely the arm of the Lord is not too short to save, nor His ear too dull to hear. But your iniquities have separated you from your God; your sins have hidden His face from you, so that He will not hear." (Isaiah, 59:1–2) According to Isaiah, sin puts up a spiritual wall between man and God through which nothing can penetrate, not even prayer.
According to Jeremiah, God sometimes covers Himself with a cloud so that no prayer can get through because of sin Lamentations, 3:42-44). The Apostle John also reminds us of this fact: „We know that God does not listen to sinners. He listens to the godly man who does His will." (John 9:31)
There are prayers that God does not listen to because of the sins of the person praying. However, Isaiah also speaks about the fact that it is not necessary for God to hide, it's not necessary that a spiritual wall should separate us from Him. We can meet Him, we can get to know Him, but for this, we have to destroy the wall of sin first. And this process starts with repentance...
Bible - Emotional Sins
Ungratefulness (2 Timothy 3:2).
Disrespect and disobedience toward parents (Exodus 20:12, 21:17; Matthew 15:3-6; Ephesus 6:1-3). It is obvious that children have to be obedient to their parents as long as they are not of age. However, they do have to show respect to them even as adults. In the Scripture, respect includes providing for the parents in their old age, if necessary.
Wickedness, Evil-mindedness, Malice (Romans 1:29).
Depravity, Deceit (Romans 1:29).
Envy (Romans 1:29).
Hatred, slander, murder (Exodus 20:13). Hatred is considered murder in the New Testament (Matthew 5:21-26; 1John 3:15). It is worth mentioning all forms of racism here, the worst form being anti-Semitism: it is also an occult sin, as it opposes God's plan for the Jews, who are God's chosen people (Genesis 12:3, 27:29; Numbers 23:7-8; Romans 11:11-32). Inventing Ways of Doing Evil (Romans 1:30).
Quarrelsomeness (Romans 1:31).
Heartlessness (Romans 1:31).
Relentlessness, Resentment, Bitterness (Romans 1:31).
Ruthlessness (Romans 1:31).
Discord (Galatians 5:20).
Hatred (Galatians 5:20).
Factions, Rebellion, Disobedience (Galatians 5:20). Opposing any authority given by God.
Selfishness, Love of Self, Self-Centeredness (2Timothy 3:2).
Unforgiveness (2Timothy 3:3).
Brutality (2Timothy 3.3).
*This collection of sins here and elsewhere in this article is based on the so-called "sin-catalogues" of the Bible: Exodus 20:3-17; Mark 7:20-23; Romans 1:18-32; 1Corinthians 5:11, 6:9-10; Galatians 5:19-21; 2Timothy 3:1-5.
Bible - The Sexual Sins
Fornication, Sexual Immorality (Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 22:23-24; Romans 1:29; 1Cor 5:1-13, 6:9-20). All sexual relations established outside a lifelong marriage covenant - made with a single person of the opposite sex - belong to the category of fornication, even if the sexual act is not completely performed, or just begins in the heart or the eyes (Mt 5: 27-30).
Adultery (Leviticus 18:20; Deuteronomy 22:22). Sexual relationship of a married person outside marriage; sexual relations of an unmarried person with a married one.
Divorce (Mat 5:31-32, 19:3-9). Unjustified break up of a marriage. The partner's adultery can be the only legal reason for divorce in the New Testament. (Mat 5:32; 1Cor 7:10-17). Jesus qualified all divorces adultery and fornication - unless the above mentioned cause was involved.
Lechery: all unnatural, perverse sexual act, even inside marriage: sexual intercourse during menstruation (Leviticus 18:19, 20:18), unnatural sexual intercourse, incest (Leviticus 18:6-18, 1Corinthians 5:1-5), nudism, pornography (movies, videos, books, etc): (Mat 5:27-30), prostitution (Deuteronomy 22:24-27), rape, (Deuteronomy 22:24-27) etc.
Other severe perversities: homosexuality (Leviticus 18:22, 29, 20:13; Romans 1:24-27; 1Cor 6:9), sodomy (Exodus 22:19, Leviticus 18:23-29), transvestitism (Deuteronomy 22:5) and all other perversities and lechery of the same kind.
Impurity (Leviticus 15:16-18; Deuteronomy 23:9-11; Romans 1:24; Gal 5:19). First of all masturbation belongs to this category.
Bible - The Sins of The Mind
The Pride of The Mind (Genesis 2: 16-17, 3: 1-6; 1John 2: 15-16).
Wickedness, Deceit, False Ideologies (Romans 1:29).
Haughtiness, Arrogance, Loftiness, Pride, Conceit (Romans 1: 30; 1Tim 3: 2-4).
Denial of God (Romans 1: 30).
Senselessness, Foolishness (Romans 1: 31; Psalm 14: 1). This does not refer to natural skills, but to spiritual laziness and obtuseness which lead people to become attached to thoughtless nonsense (Proverbs 24: 9).
Recklessness (2Tim 3:4).
Bible – Spiritual (Religious and Occult) Sins
Worship of Foreign Gods (Exodus 20:3). Each man's god is the person or thing which he considers to be the reason for his life, the meaning of his existence, the very thing he lives for, from which he expects solutions and which is placed in the very center of his heart. All the things or people other than God, beside or instead of God become, in this way, the center of our lives, are foreign gods. These can be money, possessions, reputation, influence, power, family, love, pleasure, parents, children, success, knowledge, recognition, work, church service, ourselves, etc. Any spiritual or earthly being that somebody prays to or wants a final solution from or gives himself up to (patron saints, angels, etc) is a foreign god. Also, foreign god(s) is/are the god(s) of all the religions considered false religions in the Bible.
Idolatry (Exodus 20: 4-6). Bowing down or falling on the knees for religious purposes in front of a picture, statue, relief, symbol or other material object, or praying to it, or praying with the assistance of it, or serving to it (by decoration, putting flowers in front of it, etc.).
The Misuse of The Name of The Lord (Exodus 20:7). This refers first of all to the act of assigning one's own thoughts opinions or other human teachings to God, and presenting them with divine authority or, as pertaining to God. All false teachings and prophesies illegally usurping divine authority, in order to meddle in men's lives and manipulate them, belong to this category. It also includes the senseless and useless repetition of any name of God, as well as all empty, religious speeches and discussions.
The Commandment to Keep the Sabbath Day (Exodus 20:8-11) This is valid - in the New Testament – only in a spiritual sense (Col 2:16-17). This refers to the peace and rest in a life of faith (Hebrew 4:1-11). Thus, in the New Testament, the breaking of Sabbath Law means the sin of unbelief and the attempt to become justified by deeds.
Occult Sins (Deuteronomy 18:9-14; Gal 5:20). All types of communication or intention to communicate with the supernatural, other than by obeying God's Word and the Holy Spirit and by sincere repentance, belong to this category. Examples: table-turning, palmistry, graphology, extra sensory perception (ESP), hypnosis, suggestion, autogene training, meditation, yoga, astrology, horoscopes, levitation, all types of divination, tarot cards, use of pendulum in order to find things, black magic, white magic, conjuring spirits (spiritism, being a medium), use of magic words, sorcery (as it represents the use of supernatural force to fulfill one's personal will - it can comprise illegal prayers, emotional extortion or modern business psychotechniques, too), spells (all forms of hypnosis and suggestion), enchantment (manipulation by kindness, love, anger or sadness, i.e., a forced emotional binding to impose one's will upon another, to illegally enter his private or emotional life; certain types of psychological methods belong to this category), cursing, fetishes (use of objects with supernatural aims, mascots, objects that bring fortune, etc.), seership, superstition, consulting the dead, spiritism (communication with the dead, prayers said to them), biorhythms, interpretation of dreams, witchcraft, iris-diagnosis, Darnell-training, activity of gurus, sole-massage, acupuncture, many branches of biotherapy, parapsychology, gambling, mind control and other similar deeds. Religious occultism: false prophesying, resistance to the Holy Spirit, disobedience (1Sam 15:22-23) etc.
Bible - The Sins of The Tongue
Blasphemy, Cursing (Leviticus, 24:10-16).
Misusing the Name of God (Exodus, 20:7).
Deceit, Telling Lies, Deceiving Others, Falsehood (Exodus, 20:16, 23:1-2; Leviticus, 19:11; Ephesians, 4:25)
Gossip (Romans, 1:29, 1Timothy 5:13). The unauthorised transmission of true or false information, indiscretion.
Slander (Romans 1:30). The unauthorised transmission of true or false information in bad faith in order to tear human relationships apart.
Arrogance, Boastfulness (Romans, 1:30).
Swearing (Matthew 5:33-37).
Strife, Contention (Romans, 1:29).
Dissension (Galatians, 5:20).
Treachery (2Timothy, 3:4).
Flattery (Proverbs, 29:5).
False Testimony (Exodus, 20:16).
Cursing (James, 3:9-10).
Filthy Language (Ephesians, 4:29; Colossians, 3:8).
Foolish Talk (Ephesians, 5:4).
Empty Words (Ephesians, 5:6-11).
Bible - The Sins of Desire
Coveting Anything Belonging To Another Person(Exodus, 20:17). It is a sin even on the level of desire.
Stealing (Exodus, 20:15; Ephesians, 4:28).
Any Other Aggressive Desire To Make Money (1Corinthians, 5:9-13, 6:10). By threat, blackmail, swindle, robbery, retraction of a promise, etc.
Drunkenness, Alcoholism (1Corinthians, 6:10; Galatians 5:21).
Orgies (Galatians 5:21).
Harmful Habits (1Corinthians, 3:16-17, 6:12-20; 2Corinthians, 6:16-7:1). Alcoholism, smoking, drinking too much coffee or tea (if at the level of addiction), drugs, addiction to medicines (tranquilizers, stimulators) and any other activity that destroys physical health or leads to addiction.
Immoderateness (2Timothy 3:3).
Slothfulness, Laziness (Proverbs, 6:6-9).
Eating Blood or Strangled Animals (carcasses) (Genesis 9:3-4; Leviticus, 7:26-27, 17:10-14; Deuteronomy, 12:23-25). This eating prohibition is valid in the New Testament, too, for Christians not of Jewish origin (Acts 15:19-20, 22-29), eating blood is also a spiritual, occult sin (Leviticus 19:26).
Eating The Food Offered To Idols (Acts, 15:19-20, 22-29; 1Corinthians 10:14-33).
Source: Új Exodus magazine
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